The Maldives National University Male' Water and Sewerage Company USAID University of Peradeniya Mahaweli Authority of Sri-Lanka Foundation for Environment, Climate and Technology

Climate Change and Drought Monitoring in Sri Lanka and Maldives.

Full Title: Monitoring Drought and Assessing Climate Change in Next Decades in Sri-Lanka and Maldives

Summary- Scientists from the Foundation for Environment, Climate and Technology, Maldives National University, Columbia University are working with others in Universities, Water Supply and Meteorological Services to develop monitoring and predictive tools for drought risk and to address a riddle in climate change projections which predict a wetter climate although what has been experienced is sustained drying. This project is sponsored under the PEER program of the US National Academy of Sciences and USAID program in Sri Lanka and Maldives.

Key information resources

Climate and drought project flyer

Project Update at National Academy of Sciences

Project Duration: 2014-2017

Principal Investigator: Zeenas Yahiya (FECT)

Co-Principal Investigators: Dr.Lareef Zubair (FECT)

Dr.Shazla Mohamed Maldives National University (MNU)



US Partner: (University of Maine, Columbia University)

  • Contact- Dr.Bradfield Lyon

 University of Peradeniya (UOP)

  • Contact- Prof.P.Wickramagamage

Mahaweli Authority of Srilanka (MASL)

  • Contact- Eng.Thilaka Samaratunga

Male' Water and Sewerage Company (MWSC)

  • Contact- Eng.Mohamed Rasheed

To develop operational state of the art drought assessments using climate information, and to assess the climate change impacts on drought risk in Sri Lanka and the Maldives more reliably in the next decades.


  • Developing Drought hazard analysis and monitoring.
  • Develop Assessment of near-term climate change .
  • Undertake Drought and water scarcity projections for selected locations.
  • Improve hydro-climatic advisories prepared by FECT for Dissemination and outreach including analysis of climate information by disaster experts.
  • Capacity building through improving research infrastructure and training for research students.

Development Outcomes:

  1. Gains from improved water and drought risk management and policy making.
  2. Demonstration in generation and use of climate information for disaster risk management.
  3. The provision of near-term climate change projections.
  4. Development of expertise in application of drought and near-term climate change information.
  5. Training on interpretation for key experts and undergraduates.

What has been done.

I. Climate Analysis and Tools-Progress

  • Developed tools for rainfall monitoring from Satellite data.
  • Compilation of climate predictions.
  • Ongoing weekly & monthly dissemination of climate reports.
  • Developed tools for drought monitoring.

II. Drought Risk Assessment

  • Estimating water scarcity in Greater Male’ Maldives.
  • Data analysis on disasters in Sri Lanka.
  • Seasonal climate reports for Sri Lanka.
  • Pinga Oya floods & environment assessment.

III. Scientific Conferences & Publications

  • Conference contribution.
  • Book publications.
  • Journal publications.
  • Pinga Oya symposium proceedings.

IV. Dissemination and Training

  • Training of junior scientists.
  • Contribution to University education.
  • Web & social media dissemination of products.
  • Workshops, Media outreach

Other information resources

Recent postings

Blogs for Climate Advisories for the following



Poster book and Climate and Water workshop resources.

A poster book has been developed by FECT in regard to the projects being implemented in Maldives.

Link for the poster book

Climate and Water Workshop

FECT and MNU organized a one day workshop in Male’ on the 13th of September 2015 at the Auditorium of Maldives National University on climate and water security in the Maldives. The goal of this workshop is to bring were to:

  • Together expertise on climate and water.
  • To review the state of knowledge, and to identify research priorities and educational needs.

The presentations focused on sustainability of water resource management, climate and water resources linkages, climate monitoring and predictions for water management, the Climate Advisory for Maldives, and lessons learned from ongoing programmes and projects.

Video links of the speakers presentations in the climate and water workshop.

Dr. Shazla Mohamed

Dr. Lareef Zubair

Mr.Abdul Matheen

Ms. Nihani Riza

Mr.Mohamed Rasheed

A Video interview of Engineer Mohamed Rasheed on Developing Water supply and sewerage systems in the Maldives.

Video Link

Engineer Rasheed has dedicated his career to the issues of water supply and sewerage in the Maldives ever since he completed his post graduate education. He recently retired after 35 years of service at the Male Water Supply and Sewerage Company and its precursors. As such he has been involved in various phases in the development of water resources and sewerage across the Maldives. Back in 2012, just before there was a week of water failure in Male, he took time to distill his thoughts for the benefit of the younger generation.